Sunday, November 30, 2008

Generation of "CSC"

Human Adult Stem Cells as the Target Cells for the Initiation of Carcinogenesis and for the Generation of "Cancer Stem Cells" by James E Trosko, International Journal of Stem Cells 2008(Nov); 1(1): 8-26 [PDF]. Abstract:
The inference to stem cells has been found in ancient myths and the concept of stem cells has existed in the fields of plant biology, developmental biology and embryology for decades. In the field of cancer research, the stem cell theory was one of the earliest hypotheses on the origin of a cancer from a single cell. However, an opposing hypothesis had it that an adult differentiated somatic cell could "de-differentiate" to become a cancer cell. Only within the last decade, via the "cloning" of Dolly, the sheep, did the field of stem cell biology really trigger an exciting revolution in biological research. The isolation of human embryonic stem cells has created a true revolution in the life sciences that has led to the hope that these human stem cells could lead to (a) basic science understanding of gene regulation during differentiation and development; (b) stem cell therapy; (c) gene therapy via stem cells; (d) the use of stem cells for drug discovery; (e) screening for toxic effects of chemicals; and (f) understand the aging and diseases of aging processes.
Comment: A wide-ranging review, in a new journal [], by one of the pioneers in studies of radiation-induced damage to the DNA of mammalian cells [example of a 1965 publication]. Some more information about this new journal is available here.

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