Mutation Revealed to Convert Blood Stem Cells to Cancer Stem Cells
CIRM-funded researcher: Wei GuoThe published paper is: Multi-genetic events collaboratively contribute to Pten-null leukaemia stem-cell formation by Wei Guo and 10 co-authors, including Hong Wu, Nature 2008(May 22); 453(7194): 529-33 Epub 2008 May 7. [PubMed Citation].
Researchers at UC, Los Angeles discovered a series of mutations that can convert normal blood stem cells into cancer stem cells. It is believed that many types of cancer result from cancer stem cells created by such mutations. In this case the first mutation converted normal stem cells and then caused over expression of an oncogene, a cancer gene, resulting in a proliferation of leukemia stem cells and acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia in a mouse model. The team hopes that by studying these pathways they will find ways to block them with small molecule drugs and cure the often fatal disease. The study was published in the May 22, 2008 issue of Nature.
Related Information: Nature paper, UCLA press release, The Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA, Funding grant summary